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To enable wires to be easily and safely identified, all common wiring safety codes mandate a colour scheme for the insulation on power conductors. In a typical electrical code, some colour-coding is mandatory, while some may be optional.Many local rules and exceptions exist per country, state or region.
Older installations vary in colour codes, and colours may fade with insulation exposure to heat, light and ageing. As of March 2011, the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC) requires the use of green/yellow colour cables as protective conductors, blue as neutral conductors and brown as single-phase conductors.The United States National Electrical Code requires a green or green/yellow protective conductor, a white or grey neutral, and a black single phase. The United Kingdom requires the use of wire covered with green insulation, to be marked with a prominent yellow stripe, for safe earthing (grounding) connections.This growing international standard was adopted for its distinctive appearance, to reduce the likelihood of dangerous confusion of safety earthing (grounding) wires with other electrical functions, especially by persons affected by red-green colour blindness. In the UK, phases could be identified as being live by using coloured indicator lights: red, yellow and blue.The new cable colours of brown, black and grey do not lend themselves to coloured indicators. For this reason, three-phase control panels will often use indicator lights of the old colours.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_wiring
This is because the vocational subjects, where young people learn from this direction are much more difficult, since they concern the often incomprehensible for youth affairs physical and mechanical properties.However, anyone interested in this field and who want to learn a profession electrician certainly can handle, if studied systematically. Completion of such a school is crowned with theoretical and practical exam, which entitles you to perform electrical services, such as installation and repair of the system.
Wiring safety codes are intended to protect people and property from electrical shock and fire hazards.Regulations may be established by city, county, provincial/state or national legislation, usually by adopting a model code (with or without local amendments) produced by a technical standards-setting organisation, or by a national standard electrical code. Electrical codes arose in the 1880s with the commercial introduction of electrical power.